HV-57: Purple Magnolia

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Mộc Lan Tím
Purple Magnolia

The purple magnolia (scientific name: Magnolia liliiflora) Belonging to the Magnoliaceae family are deciduous shrubs or small trees, endemic plants in China, located in mainland China in the provinces of Yunnan, Fujian, Hubei, Sichuan and other places.
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Common Names:

There are several names that are associated with this tree. You may see lily magnolia, purple magnolia, woody-orchid, red magnolia, Jane magnolia, Japanese magnolia, tulip magnolia or Mulan magnolia

The lily magnolia (Magnolia liliflora or Magnolia liliiflora) is a deciduous shrub that sports perfumed blossoms that can be pink or reddish-purple.

It is one of the smaller species found in the Magnolia genus. This shrub has been crossed with the Yulan magnolia (Magnolia denudata) and the result is the saucer magnolia (Magnolia x soulangeana.)

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Latin Name:

You may see two different spellings used for this species. It can be either Magnolia liliflora or Magnolia liliiflora. It is placed in the Magnoliaceae family along with the other magnolia trees and shrubs, the banana shrub (Michelia figo).


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Preferred USDA Hardiness Zones:

If you live in Zones 5-9, this is a possible choice for your garden.


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Purple magnolia flowers are bright and pleasant, aromatic and elegant, whether solitary plant or clump planting, the trees are beautiful and graceful, and are excellent garden, street greening plants. Magnolia in China has been rated as Vulnerable Species. Because they are difficult to transplant and conserve, so they are very precious trees.
The Purple Magnolia bark, leaves, flower buds can be used as medicine, the buds for medicine use is called “Kobushi” , a valuable Chinese herbal medicine used to divergent cold, declared the nasal passage, improve eye-sight and promote longevity
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Mộc Lan Tím – Purple Magnolia

Những cây hoa mộc lan thân gỗ cứng, nhành cao, lá bóng dày mướt. Mùa đông rụng hết lá, mùa xuân từ những đầu cành nở rộ những cánh hoa lớn như hoa sen, vươn thẳng lên trời.

Khi hoa nở thì lá non chưa mọc, cành lộc chưa đâm chồi, nhìn cây ra hoa chỉ tím hay trắng ngát một khoảng trời – chỉ có hoa và hoa.

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Hoa mộc lan có tự lâu lắm. Dấu hóa thạch từ niên đại khủng long. Hoa hiện hữu trước khi ong bướm tiến hóa. Hoa không có đài và mật nhụy, chỉ có hương thơm ngọt ngào để thu hút  loài bọ cánh cứng làm nhiệm vụ thụ phấn cho hoa. Mổi bông hoa có nhị và nhụy hoa sắp xếp thành hình xoắn ốc trên đế hoa hình nón.

Người xưa dùng hoa để chửa trị một số bệnh về đường tiêu hóa. Vỏ mộc lan trắng làm thuốc điều trị trầm cảm, dị ứng, hen suyễn và giảm cân. Chồi của mộc lan tím (Magnolia liliiflora), được dùng trị nhiễm trùng đường hô hấp kinh niên, nhiễm trùng xoang và sung huyết phổi.

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Cánh hoa mộc lan cứng cáp và lâu tàn.
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The outside of the flowers is purple, and it is from this that the hybrids get their shades of pink and rose and crimson.

It can be readily understood what a triumph it was to cross these species successfully, for the hybrids are hardy, largeflowered and fragrant; and they present several new and most desirable colours. In this group are the following: Alexandrina, grandis, Lennei, Norbertiana and speciosa.

For after the blossoms the fruits and foliage are both decorative.

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Size & Shape:

The lily magnolia will reach a mature size of about 10-15′ tall and wide and form into a rounded shape.


In order to promote the best flowering, find a site in your garden that receives full sun. It is also able to grow in spots with partial shade.

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The dark green leaves are up to 4″ wide and 8″ long.

At the end of winter/beginning of spring, you will see pink or reddish-purple buds unfurling. They have a pleasant fragrance and are up to 7″ long depending on the variety. The blossoms will continue throughout the season and some may appear in summer also.

As with other magnolia species, pollination is facilitated by beetles. The result is an aggregate of dry fruits called follicles. They are purple or brown.

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Design Tips:

This shrub can definitely be used as a focal point in the garden since it will be covered with gorgeous blossoms.

If you want a variety that is not quite as wide as the species, look for ‘Gracilis’. The leaves are also narrower.

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You should not need to do much pruning for this species or for magnolia trees and shrubs in general. If you find that some trimming is in order (i.e. you have wood that has become dead, damaged or diseased), you should make your cuts right after the shrub has finished blooming.

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Magnolia scale (Neolecanium cornuparvum) suck out sap from the stems. Encourage ladybugs to visit your garden as they will snack on the scales and help remedy the problem to some degree. Horticultural and dormant oils can be used at different stages in the life cycle, though they will not be so effective against adults that have formed a wax barrier on their bodies.


Black sooty mold can form on plants that are infested with the magnolia scale. They drop a sugary substance called honeydew that the mold grows upon. It can also attract other insects like ants to the shrub. Control the scales to help control the mold problem.

Powdery mildew is another fungal problem that can crop up. There are ways to control powdery mildew organically

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March 15 – 2016

Photos: hannahlinhflower
Words: LSV tổng hợp từ Wiki & Internet

Tài liệu tham khảo:

– Wiki: Magnolia, The Brooklyn Botanic Garden (BBG)
– Southern Living/home garden
– The Arnold Arboretum Harvard of University/Collection Researcher
– About-Garden com.

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